Male Infertility Treatment
Infertility in men is a common problem. It is highly frustrating and discomforting for couples not to become parents. Conception is a very complex process and there could be many obstacles. If you have infertility issues, it doesn’t mean you won’t be able to become parents of a newborn. Today, there are various medical procedures available to treat infertility in men and increase the chances of conception. Nearly 10% of all males these days are suffering from this.
What do you mean by male infertility?
Male infertility is a problem with reproductive system that prevents the male partner from impregnating his female partner. If there is no pregnancy even after unprotected sex for a year or more, then it would be termed as infertility.
Male infertility arises due to a number of causes such as:
- Lack of required sperm or healthy sperm
- There may be genetic problems such as cystic fibrosis
- Blockage in the genital tract
- Underlying health conditions such as diabetes and STIs like chlamydia, gonorrhea, HIV, or mumps.
- Enlarged veins in the testes (varicocele) affecting the quality of sperm and undescended testicles
- Ejaculation issues
- There are antibodies attacking the sperms
- Hormone imbalances
- Defects in tubules that transport sperm
There could be many causes of infertility. The question comes how they can be identified. The doctor may take up following approaches:
- General Physical examination and understanding the medical history
- Semen samples can be taken from couples for examination.
- Post-ejaculation urine tests (urinalysis): Urine tests are conducted for finding the signs of diabetes and other root level health conditions.
- Ultrasound: This test is usually done by a specialist in the lab using a wand-like device held over the blood vessels that supply the penis. It creates a video image to see if you have blood flow problems. Sometimes, it is done in combination with an injection of medications.
- Hormone testing: Hormones produced by the pituitary gland, hypothalamus and testicles are crucial to sperm production. The blood test is conducted to know the level of testosterone and other hormones.
- Testicular biopsy: It is done with the use of a needle to know the normal sperm production or blockage.
- Genetic Test: If there is an extreme low sperm production, that could be due to genetically issues. The blood test will reveal the problem.
The treatment for erectile dysfunction starts with taking care of the heart and vascular health. The doctor could advise for lifestyle changes and change of food habits, no smoking and alcohol intake, or reasonable workouts. Then, the doctor may suggest treating emotional problems that could be arising out of the tense marital relationship and other things. First, Non-invasive treatments are tried.
- Oral medications or drugs and pills (Viagra, Cialis, Levitra, Stendra)
- Testosterone Therapy (when low testosterone is found from testing)
- Penile Injections (ICI and intracavernosal Alprostadil)
- Intraurethral medication (IU and Alprostadil)
- Vacuum Erection Devices
- Penile Implants
- Surgery to bypass penile artery damage
- Oral Drugs (PDE5 inhibitors)
The main surgical treatment of ED is the insertion of a penile implant (penile prostheses). Implants are the next step for aged patients. Although the penile implant is a surgery that carries risks, they carry high success rates. 𝐌𝐚𝐚𝐲𝐚 𝐒𝐩𝐞𝐜𝐢𝐚𝐥𝐢𝐭𝐲 𝐇𝐨𝐬𝐩𝐢𝐭𝐚𝐥𝐬 offers the best male infertility treatment in Chennai.